Cardiac Heart Monitoring, Electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG), and Echocardiogram (ECHO, TTE) for Preemies

Cardiac means near, around, or the main heart and "cardiac" originates from the Greek word "cardio" meaning regarding the guts.

A "Cardiac Monitor" can be a special monitor created specifically to count, display, and remember how frequent the premature baby's heart is beating as well as the baby's breathing patterns. Every time a premature baby's heartbeat drops below 100 bpm or raises above 200 bpm an alarm will sound alerting the concern givers of the problem. The concern givers have the ability to take notice of the premature baby's breathing and heart always even though the monitor keeps track of even the smallest changes.

The cardiac monitor resembles a TV screen with leads and electrodes taken from the equipment and connecting for the premature baby. The leads appear to be cables or wires from the machine and fastening for the electrodes, and also the electrodes appear to be patches attached with your premature baby's skin. The screen graphs the gathered information within a wave-graph form using the vertical height of the waves showing the volt strength of each and every beat, and the horizontal width in the waves showing the time passing between each beat.

One type of cardiac monitoring is definitely an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) and it is used to detect problems in the heart including skipped heartbeats, heart damage, vitamin, mineral & electrolyte imbalances, and general health conditions from the heart. The electrocardiogram takes information from an electrocardiograph monitoring the sufferer, constitutes a graphic interpretation from the information, and prints out your information for easier reading and interpretation.



Another kind of cardiac monitoring is often a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), an ultrasound from the heart. An echocardiogram (ECHO) takes images of the heart, and is a fantastic diagnostic tool for doctors to quickly assess many heart problems without invasive procedures. This machine monitors one's heart valves, strength of heart muscle contractions, cardiac tissue, blood flow, and just how quickly the blood is flowing with the heart.

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